In 2011, driven by the hopes of the Arab Spring, a movement of rebellion against the regime broke out in Syria. The people rose up to demand more democracy, as well as the departure of the dictator Bashar Al-Assad. However, ten years later, the observation is cruel: the leader is still in place, at the head of a country in tatters, ruined. In this conflict, 400,000 people died Y 12 million were forced into exodus, more than half of the population.
After alliances of circumstances, bombings and repression, Bashar Al-Assad regained control of most of the territory, in particular thanks to the unwavering support of their Russian and Iranian allies. The dictator is now at the head of a fragmented state with areas in the hands of Turks, Americans, Kurds, Iranians, Russians and even Islamists.
The fighting is less intense now, but this chaotic situation is frozen. Bashar Al-Assad should even be re-elected president next spring, during an undemocratic process.
No end to the crisis on the horizon
The country appears to be in a deadly stalemate where no one is able to find a political way out, in particular because of the large number of countries present and the divergent interests. At the international level, the results are not more promising: there are countless summits, agreements and unfulfilled promises.
Total, five million Syrians have left the country from the beginning of the revolt and his return does not seem possible at the moment. Many opponents are among the exiles, returning would be dangerous for them. Syria’s dire economic situation will not encourage return either. Before the conflict, it cost 47 Syrian pounds per US dollar. Now 4,000 are needed, or 100 times their value, and the national economy is exploding.