Science

Water contains multiple liquid states according to new research

Everyone knows what water is. It is essential to life as we know it. Water is unique in the way it responds to changes in pressure and temperature, which can be very different from other liquids. What causes water to react differently from other liquids to pressure and temperature has been something scientists have researched for a while.

to me A team of international researchers Prove that water can exist in two different states of liquids. This discovery may explain the anomalous properties of the ubiquitous liquid. The possibility of water being present in two different liquid states was proposed about 30 years ago based on results from computer simulations. Experiments to reach the two liquid states of water were difficult due to the apparently unavoidable formation of ice during the conditions in which the liquid state should exist.

The typical liquid state of water is the one that everyone is familiar with and is liquid water at normal temperatures. The paper shows that water at low temperatures around -63 ° C there is water in two different liquid states. The first case is a low-density liquid at low pressure, and the other is a high-density liquid at high pressures. The two liquids have significantly different properties and differ by 20 percent in density.

The results of the study indicate that the water will exist as two immiscible liquids separated by a thin interface, similar to how oil and water coexist, during the appropriate conditions. Learning all about water is important due to the essential role it plays in life on Earth and the various fields such as biochemistry, climate, cryopreservation, cryobiology, materials science, and other industrial processes.

The two liquid states can affect many scientific and engineering applications. Researchers on the project note that it remains an open question about how the presence of two fluids affects the overall behavior of eye solutions.

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