In this period of health crisis, seasonal allergy is often mistaken for covid-19. A seasonal allergy, also called allergic rhinitis, is an immune reaction caused by hypersensitivity to certain allergenic substances or agents. It can happen at any time and can lead to serious health problems, so it is essential to protect yourself from it. In this guide, learn about the differences between the common cold and seasonal allergy, the symptoms, and how to prevent and treat this allergic rhinitis.
Sneeze! Colds or seasonal allergies?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), allergies are now the fourth largest chronic disease in the world (after cancer, AIDS and cardiovascular diseases). In particular, seasonal allergies are allergies that occur systematically each year at a specific time. They can be characterized by respiratory problems, which are also its most frequent manifestation.
Over several decades, a considerable increase in the frequency of seasonal allergies has been observed. In fact, the rhinitis allergy has quadrupled in the last 30 years. Therefore, today it would affect more than 25% of the French. Seasonal allergies are less common in the United States, although 17.9 million adults, or 7.8% of the population, are affected. This disease is generally mild. However, it can be mistaken for the common cold. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between them.
First of all, you should know that seasonal allergies are not the result of a viral infection. And while the symptoms can sometimes be similar, there are notable differences. For seasonal allergies, for example, the discharge from the nose is clear, unlike a cold that has yellowish discharge from the nose. Also, the common cold can be associated with fever or aches while allergic rhinitis is accompanied by excessive sneezing. itchy eyes, of itchy noseetc. Finally, the common cold and allergies seasonal workers are differentiated by their time of presence. Specifically, the allergy may last longer depending on the individual’s exposure to the allergen.
So you can easily identify the pathology when you show signs of affection.
Symptoms ofallergy They are many. In addition, all people are susceptible to contracting the disease. However, there are people at risk such as people with an allergic family member, people exposed to tobacco smoke or high levels of air pollution … Among the most common symptoms, we can mention:
- Itchy nose and eyes.
- the nasal congestion.
- Runny nose.
- Repetitive sneezing.
- Redness and stinging in the eyes.
- the allergic cough
Also, sleep disturbances and fatigue can occur if symptoms persist. In extreme cases, there may be asthma attacks or hives. In either case, use organic tissues or reusable tissues to maintain good hygiene.
When do symptoms start?
In general, seasonal allergies are caused by pollen from trees, grasses, and herbs. This allergen enters the bloodstream through the skin, eyes, and nasal or oral passages. This causes the release of certain components such as histamine and leukotrienes, which are responsible for the symptoms.
the pollen allergy symptoms therefore, they are activated according to the type of allergen. For seasonal allergies related to tree pollen like poplar or birch, they appear in early spring between March and June. Yes it’s him grass allergiesWe observe them during the summer, that is, between the end of May and October. And for herbaceous or ragweed, pollen allergy symptoms appear in the fall.
Either way, allergic rhinitis arises fromPollen allergy, this is called pollinosis or hay fever.
How to prevent seasonal allergies?
the pollen allergies they are mainly seasonal allergies. There are several means of prevention and they all relate to the same goal: reducing exposure to allergens. Therefore, you must:
- Wear sunglasses to prevent pollen spores from entering your eyes.
- Avoid going out when it is windy, especially after it rains.
- Limit tobacco use.
- Pay attention to pollen alerts and avoid going outdoors during expected peaks.
- Keep windows closed (except when it rains).
- Use an air conditioner.
- Avoid drying clothes in the open air, as it accumulates pollen.
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Do not cut the grass yourself.
- Regularly wash sheets, pillows, and blankets.
- Lift ragweed off the ground before its pollination period.
- Take a shower and rinse your hair at night.
- Wash your nose regularly with salt water.
- Eat foods that fightPollen allergy As the dried apples and raisins.
How to treat seasonal allergies?
if you have pollen allergy symptoms, taking medication can effectively help you in treatment. These include in particular:
You can also take other prescription products, such as nasal or oral corticosteroids and anti-granulants that work. natural antihistaminethe.
Otherwise, you can opt for natural remedies. Enter the list:
- Nettle or peppermint tea.
- Onion or fresh citrus juice.
- The cold water compress for the eyes.
- Salt and hot water for the nose.
- Honey for the throat.
Also, allergic rhinitis can be treated using alternative medicine techniques such as homeopathy, hypnotherapy, relaxation techniques, etc.