the lactose not processed due to a deficiency in lactase it is a digestive phenomenon that affects more than 20% of the people in France. It is often mistaken for allergy to cow’s milk proteins which can lead to the risk of complications.Lactose intolerance does not pose any health hazard. However, it can cause digestive disorders that are sometimes painful. Find out in this article what are the symptoms and treatments of Lactose intolerance.
What is lactose intolerance?
theLactose intolerance it is an inability of the body to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and milk products. This is due to the deficit of a Digestive enzyme called lactase, which has the function of breaking down lactose into two simple sugars: glucose and galactose. These two components are also essential to provide energy and perform various functions in our body. When the lactose It is not digested enough, so it reaches the large intestine where it is fermented by bacteria. Subsequently, fatty acids and gases are produced, which results in an acceleration of intestinal transit.
furthermore, theLactose intolerance it can be caused by certain pathologies such as genetic mutation or destruction of the intestinal mucosa. Depending on the pathology, therefore, it can be temporary or permanent. It can also occur with age as the activity of the intestinal enzyme gradually decreases.
You should know that symptoms of lactose intolerance they vary from one individual to another. It depends on the amount of lactase produced and ingested lactose, but still be a baby or an adult. In addition, it is important to note that the baby very rarely suffers from Lactose intolerance, because the level of lactase present in your body is quite high. In all cases, symptoms usually appear 30 minutes to 2 hours after consuming the lactose-containing diet. They manifest themselves much more quickly when the product consumed is in liquid form.
The main signs of a Lactose intolerance they are digestive disorders. In children, they are characterized by diarrhea and possibly weight loss. In adults,intolerance you develop abdominal cramps and pain, excess gas, watery diarrhea, flatulenceand, more rarely, nausea or vomiting. However, these symptoms can be accompanied by fatigue, muscle aches, headaches …
To diagnoseLactose intolerance, the doctor evaluates the symptoms after the consumption of lactose by the patient. In the event that the symptoms disappear during a 15-day lactose abstinence period, and reappear during the consumption of dairy products in the individual, theLactose intolerance It is confirmed. There are also other tests that are performed less frequently, such as the biological test that measures the hydrogen concentration. To do this, the person must ingest a small amount of lactose (25 g). Every 30 minutes, you should breathe out through a mouthpiece. The specialist then measures the hydrogen to see if the gas concentration level rises or stagnates after lactose consumption. In the case of a large amount of hydrogen, the lactose has not been absorbed, which means that the person is lactose intolerant.
It can also belactose allergy or milk allergy.
Food is the source of lactose intake in the body. It comes more particularly from cow, sheep or goat milk. Thus, milk and dairy products are the foods richest in lactose. These include:
- Whole or skimmed milk: 4.6 g lactose / 100 g
- Crème fraîche: 3.4 g lactose / 100 g
- Cottage cheese: 5.3 g lactose / 100 g
- Processed cheese: 4.9 g lactose / 100 g
- Butter: 0.4 g lactose / 100 g
- Natural yogurt: 4.4 g of lactose / 100 g
It should be noted that some milk-based foods are low in lactose such as dairy drinks, pastries, pastries, etc. However, other products may contain lactose without your knowledge. This is the case, for example, of white sauces, mayonnaise, fancy chocolates, certain sausages, salads, breaded fish, etc.
Also, if you like cheese a lot, but suffer from Lactose intoleranceRest assured, there are some cheeses that are safe to eat. These are hard cheeses such as Gruyère, Cheddar, Gouda … It must also be taken into account that low-lactose dairy products are more and more numerous, especially in health food stores.
Otherwise, you can still eat soy products that are a good alternative to dairy. You will easily find Milk, of yoghurt or lactose free cheese.
Anyway, find a wide range of products Without lactose and vegetable drinks at Kazidomi’s site.
How to alleviate the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
theLactose intolerance it is a digestive disorder caused by a deficiency of lactase to convert lactose into two separate sugars. Therefore, the simplest treatment is to simply avoid foods that contain lactose, especially dairy products. On the other hand, yogurt can be easily digested due to its natural lactase content. Like cheese, it is often tolerated for its low lactose content.
Taking a dietary supplement that contains lactase is also a good way to relieve symptoms ofLactose intolerance. To do this, you must consume it before the meal so that it can allow the assimilation of products that contain lactose. Note that these supplements do not require a prescription.