A group of astronomers from the University of Texas at Austin believe that reviving NASA’s decades-old plan from a decade ago could solve a problem that other telescopes cannot address. Astronomers believe that the huge telescope will be able to study the first stars in the universe. The researchers on the project say the James Webb Space Telescope will look at the time when galaxies first formed.
However, the theory predicts an earlier time when galaxies did not yet exist when individual stars first formed. These stars are known as Tertiary stars and marked the moment of their first light, and formed about 13 billion years ago. Seeing those stars is beyond the capabilities of the James Webb Space Telescope.
However, prof NASA shelved it A decade ago it was described as the “ultimate” telescope that would allow astronomers to see the stars of Group C. Stars were created from a mixture of the gases of hydrogen and helium and are believed to be tens or hundreds of times larger than the sun. New calculations show that an ancient facility proposed by NASA, a liquid mirror telescope operating from the surface of the moon, may see these stars, NASA’s Anna Schauer at Hubble has obtained.
NASA analyzed the proposed facility a decade ago but decided not to build it. Another scientist on the project said that the supporting signs on the oldest stars were not present, indicating that the telescope is ideal for solving the problem. A proposed liquid mirror lunar telescope called the “Ultimate Large Telescope” would have a mirror of 100 meters in diameter.
It will operate independently from the surface of the moon and will get power from the solar collector plant on the moon. The data collected will be transferred to a satellite in orbit around the moon to be sent to Earth. The mirror will be a rotating bowl of liquid topped with a metallic liquid. The tub will rotate continuously to keep the surface of the liquid in the correct parabolic shape to act as a mirror. The telescope itself would be stationary, and located inside a crater on the north or south pole of the moon. The researchers want the astronomical community to reconsider the racks plan, but it’s unclear if that will happen.