A team of researchers, including scientists from the University of Leeds, discovered a new type of basalt while drilling at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. The discovery of the new basalt variety indicates that the ocean floor eruptions that began in the mantle of the Earth were much hotter and dense than researchers had previously thought. The basalt discovered by scientists is said to be distinctly different from other known types of basalt.
Researcher Dr. says. Ivan Safov said that in an era when discoveries in space exploration are admired, the discovery of the New type From basalt indicates that there are many discoveries still to be made here on Earth. The newly discovered basalt may be different from the basalt known at the bottom of the ocean on Earth like basalt on Earth than on the moon.
With the discovery of the new type of rock, researchers on the project believe that many other rocks known to have originally formed from ocean floor eruptions will be re-examined. There is potential to expand the understanding of basalt formation in light of the discovery. The newly discovered basalt differs in both chemical and mineralogical composition from previously known examples.
Its existence was previously unknown because no new examples formed for millions of years. The new type of basalt is buried deep under sediments on the ocean floor. A research vessel called Resolution sent drilling equipment six kilometers below the ocean’s surface to the bottom of the Sankaku Forward Basin to find the rock. Once at the bottom of the basin, the drill drilled another 1.5 kilometers into the ocean floor to extract samples.
The area excavated is part of the birth of the “Ring of Fire,” a region that stretches about 40,000 kilometers around the Pacific Ocean and is known for its regular volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. The area is thought to have formed at least 50 million years ago, and scientists say the expedition dug into some of the deepest waters that have ever been thought of to dig.