Astronomers have discovered evidence of an extremely long jet of particles emanating from a supermassive black hole in the early universe, NASA announced. The discovery was made using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. If the discovery is confirmed, the most distant supermassive black hole will be identified by a jet that was detected using x-rays.
Phenomenal Black hole It is located in a galaxy 12.7 billion light years from Earth. Researchers hope that the flow of gas emitted from a black hole will help explain how the largest black holes formed at such an early time in the universe. The quasar producing this jet of material is called PSO J352.4034-15.3373 or PJ352-15 for short.
The quasar is located at the center of a young galaxy and is one of a pair of known quasars that produce powerful radio waves that were created in the first billion years after the Big Bang. The quasar is thought to be a billion times the mass of the sun. Scientists want to know how supermassive black holes grew so rapidly in the early ages of the universe. A question that is said to be one of the main questions in astronomy.
Astronomers observed PJ352-15 for three days using Chandra to reveal evidence of material flow. X-ray emissions are detected 160,000 light-years from the quasar. It’s certainly difficult to put 160,000 light-years into perspective, but bear in mind that the Milky Way is only 100,000 light-years across.
PJ352-15 broke many astronomical records, including the record for the longest jet plane observed in the first billion years after the Big Bang. The previous record holder was 5,000 light years in length. The second record that NASA says PJ352-15 has broken is distance. It is located about 300 million light-years from Earth more than the farthest distance previously detected by X-rays. The detected light was emitted from the plane when the universe was 0.98 billion years old, less than a tenth of its current age.